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Que – Pronom relatif

Que represents direct objects

It’s likely that you are already fairly familiar with que.

  • Je pense que je suis malade.
  • Il faut que tu partes.
  • Le prof de français que j’aime le plus.

In this lesson we’re only focussing on the form of que that is a pronom relatif. Of the above sentences, it’s the 3rd sentence which contains a pronom relatif. The que in the other sentences are for another topic.

Les pronoms relatifs & Grammatical objects – Back to basics

Things get confusing when using technical language, so let’s get clear on the role of a pronom relatif in a sentence.

Que is a pronom relatif that represents direct objects in a sentence.

A sentence doesn’t always require an object. E.g.

  • Je vois. I see. (Subject + verb.)

But when it does have one AND there is no preposition, the object is called a direct object.

  • Je vois Alex. I see Alex. (Subject + verb + direct object.)

The direct object can be a person or a thing.

The pronom relatif que comes into play when we want to flip the sentence around and mention the object first.

  • C’est Alex que je vois.
  • La personne que je vois, c’est Alex.

With me so far?

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